Wildlife that reside in Marcy’s Woods
Animals including nationally vulnerable species (animals that are special concern due to their biology and habitat that put them at risk of population decline due to human activities or ecological events) are also found in Marcy’s Woods.
Southern Flying Squirrel
Southern flying squirrels are a special concern both provincially and nationally and are protected under the Fish and Wildlife Conservation Act. The number of southern flying squirrels is in rapid decline due to human encroachment and interference on their habitat. Despite the limited population of the southern flying squirrel the largest and most stable population of southern flying squirrels appear to inhabit all of the major forest habitats of Marcy’s Woods.
A variety of animals also make Marcy’s Woods their home including the eastern redback salamander, American toad, green frog, northern leopard frog, bullfrog, opossum, gray fox and the Woodhouse’s Toad. The Woodhouse Toad is of great significance as it is nationally, provincially and regionally rare, but continues to thrive in Marcy’s Woods.
Point Abino and Marcy’s Woods is a prime stop over for migrating land birds and has been a key location for Bird Studies Canada to inventory and track the various species. Different sections of Marcy’s Woods are inhabited by different bird species totally 85 species in all areas combined including: Red-bellied woodpecker, pileated woodpecker, yellow throated vireo, red breasted nuthatch, blue-winged warbler, northern parula, hooded warbler, and the black-throated green warbler.
The woodland species of Marcy’s Woods including the Red-headed woodpecker, Cerulean Warbler, and Hooded have been designated by the Committee on the Status of Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) as being nationally vulnerable.
The older growth upland forest and second growth swamp forest was dominated by Baltimore Oriole, Red-eyed Vireo, American Robin, Black-capped Chickadee, Wood Thrush, Blue Jay, Easter Wood-Pewee, Verry, Great Crested Flycatcher, and Brown Headed Cowbird. These birds are normal in southern Ontario’s deciduous forest although the extremely high number of orioles is unusual.
Open area (meadows) birds were comprised of Yellow Warbler, Gray Catbird, Song Sparrow, Red-winged Blackbird, and the Common Yellowthroat once again these species are typical in comparable habitats in southern Ontario.